Sun protection is important year round, particularly from late spring (April) to early fall (September) between 11:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m., or whenever the UV index is 3 or higher.1 Sun protection is also recommended near reflective surfaces such as water, snow, sand, concrete, and ice.
Ways to protect yourself from harmful UV rays:
- Seek shade whenever possible or create your own using umbrellas, trees, canopies, awnings, gazebos, or portable tents.
- Wear loose and closely woven fabrics to cover your arms and legs.
- Plan outdoor activities before 11 a.m. or after 3 p.m. between April and September.
- Wear sunscreen labeled SPF 30 or higher.
- Wear sunscreen labeled broad-spectrum and water-resistant.
- Apply more than you think and reapply often, especially after swimming, toweling off, or sweating.
- Wear a wide-brimmed hat to shade your face, ears, and neck.
- Protect your eyes from sun damage with UV-blocking sunglasses.
- Tanning beds significantly increase your risk of developing skin cancer.
1. Environment Canada. UV index and ozone. Available here.